Thursday, October 15, 2009

NEW YORK (AP) | The airport shuttle driver accused of plotting a bombing in New York had contacts with al Qaeda that went nearly all the way to the top, to an Osama bin Laden confidant thought to be the terrorist group’s leader in Afghanistan, U.S. intelligence officials told the Associated Press.

Mustafa Abu al-Yazid, an Egyptian reputed to be one of the founders of the terrorist network, used a middleman to contact Afghan immigrant Najibullah Zazi as the 24-year-old man hatched a plot to use homemade backpack bombs, perhaps on the city’s mass-transit system, the two intelligence officials said.

Intelligence officials declined to discuss the nature of the contact or whether al-Yazid contacted Mr. Zazi to offer simple encouragement or to help with the bombing plot prosecutors say Mr. Zazi was pursuing.

Al-Yazid’s contact with Mr. Zazi indicates that al Qaeda leadership took an intense interest in what U.S. officials have called one of the most serious terrorism threats crafted on U.S. soil since the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.

“Zazi working with the al Qaeda core is exceptionally alarming,” said Daniel Byman of the Brookings Institution’s Saban Center. “The al Qaeda core is capable of far more effective terrorist attacks than jihadist terrorists acting on their own, and coordination with the core also enables bin Laden to choose the timing to maximize the benefit to his organization.”

U.S. intelligence officials said earlier that Mr. Zazi had contact with an unnamed senior al Qaeda operative. That helped distinguish Mr. Zazi from other would-be terrorists who have acted on their own in planning or attempting U.S. attacks.

The officials, speaking on the condition of anonymity because the case remains under investigation, declined to describe al-Yazid’s specific interaction with Mr. Zazi, who has pleaded not guilty to conspiring to use weapons of mass destruction. But one senior U.S. intelligence official said the contact between Mr. Zazi and the senior al Qaeda leader occurred through an intermediary.

Just weeks before U.S. intelligence officials identified Mr. Zazi as a possible terrorist threat in late August, John Brennan, President Obama’s top domestic terrorism adviser, told a Washington audience that “another attack on the U.S. homeland remains the top priority for the al Qaeda senior leadership.”

U.S. intelligence officials and prosecutors have said that Mr. Zazi was recruited and trained by al Qaeda. They say he and others traveled last year to Pakistan to receive the training.

Prosecutors say Mr. Zazi, during meetings with federal investigators before his arrest last month, “admitted that he received instructions from al Qaeda operatives on subjects such as weapons and explosives” during his trip to Pakistan.

Mr. Zazi, who is being held without bond in New York while awaiting trial, has denied receiving al Qaeda training or visiting one of the group’s training camps. He said before his arrest that he traveled to Pakistan to see his wife.

In court documents, prosecutors say Mr. Zazi is linked to three e-mail accounts that he used to pursue his bomb plot. Investigators say they found nine pages of handwritten bomb-making instructions when searching two of the e-mail accounts. The notes were sent to the e-mail accounts while Mr. Zazi was in Pakistan last year, prosecutors say.

The bomb, which can be made of hydrogen peroxide and flour, is similar to the explosives used by terrorists in the 2005 London subway bombings that killed 52 people.

Prosecutors say Mr. Zazi accessed the bomb-making instructions and downloaded them to his computer after moving to the Denver area in January. In a Colorado hotel suite in early September, Mr. Zazi contacted someone “on multiple occasions” for help correcting mixtures of bomb ingredients, “each communication more urgent in tone than the last,” court papers say.

Al-Yazid, 53, also known as Abu Saeed al-Masri and Sheikh Said, is a well-known al Qaeda figure who initially disagreed with bin Laden’s Sept. 11 plot, according to the 9/11 Commission Report. Al-Yazid was known at the time of the attack as head of al Qaeda’s finance committee.

He proclaimed in a June interview with Al Jazeera television that al Qaeda would use nuclear weapons in its fight against the U.S.

A member of Egypt’s radical Islamist movement, al-Yazid took part in the 1981 assassination of President Anwar Sadat, according to “In the Graveyard of Empires,” a book by counterterrorism expert Seth G. Jones. He spent three years in prison, where he joined Ayman al-Zawahri’s Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Mr. Jones wrote. Al-Zawahri is considered al Qaeda’s No. 2 leader, behind bin Laden.

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