- The Washington Times - Sunday, March 21, 2010

JERUSALEM — Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu declared Sunday that Israel would not restrict construction in east Jerusalem, a step the U.S. has requested — sticking to a tough position hours before he sets off on his first trip to Washington since a diplomatic row erupted between the two allies.

Mr. Netanyahu also said he was willing to broaden indirect talks with the Palestinians to include the main issues dividing them. The prime minister originally had wanted to put off a discussion of issues such as the status of contested east Jerusalem, final borders and the fate of Palestinian refugees until direct talks are launched.

Mr. Netanyahu’s refusal to budge on east Jerusalem — the fate of which lies at the crux of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict — defies a U.S. demand to cancel a major new housing project at the heart of the feud. But in confidential talks, he apparently offered enough steps to prompt U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton to call them “useful and productive” and dispatch an envoy back to the region this week.

Before meeting with Israel’s defense minister on Sunday, U.S. envoy George Mitchell described ties between the United States and Israel as “unshakable.”

Mr. Netanyahu takes off for Washington on Sunday night to address the annual conference of the pro-Israel lobby in the United States. He will meet with President Obama on Tuesday, Mark Regev, the Israeli prime minister’s spokesman, said.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was touring the Gaza Strip on Sunday. Mr. Ban wants a nearly three-year blockade of Gaza lifted and said Israel’s recent opening of Gaza’s borders to allow in window frames and other supplies to complete a 151-apartment U.N. housing project in southern Gaza was “a drop in a bucket of water.”

The blockade causes “unacceptable suffering” and “undercuts moderates and encourages extremists,” he said after visiting the project in the Khan Younis refugee camp. “My message to the people of Gaza is this: The United Nations will stand with you through this ordeal.”

Most of the 15,000 homes destroyed or damaged during Israel’s war in Gaza, which ended in January 2009, have not been repaired because of the blockade. Israel launched the war after years of militant rocket fire from Gaza on its southern communities.

The blockade was imposed in 2007 after Hamas violently took over the territory from its rivals in the Fatah movement of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.

The Israeli military, meanwhile, said troops in the West Bank shot dead two Palestinians carrying pitchforks and an ax who tried to attack a soldier.

A third Palestinian died of a gunshot wound to the head inflicted by an Israeli soldier at a demonstration the day before. His brother died Saturday in the same protest.

Israeli construction in east Jerusalem is such a fraught issue because it challenges Palestinian claims to that sector of the city as a future capital. The announcement of a major new building project during Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s visit earlier this month insulted Washington and provoked the biggest rift between the two allies in decades.

That rift has put Mr. Netanyahu in a particularly difficult bind, forcing him to find a formula that would repair ties with the United States without antagonizing his hawkish coalition partners, who vehemently oppose sharing sovereignty in Jerusalem.

Mr. Netanyahu’s office denied reports that he promised to slow construction in the city’s eastern sector.

“Our policy on Jerusalem is the same as that of all previous Israeli governments in the past 42 years, and it hasn’t changed,” he told his Cabinet on Sunday at the start of its weekly meeting. “As far as we are concerned, building in Jerusalem is like building in Tel Aviv. We made this clear to the U.S. administration.”

But Cabinet ministers said, in practice, construction will be restricted, as it has been in the West Bank since November, when Mr. Netanyahu officially agreed to do so under heavy U.S. pressure.

Israel annexed east Jerusalem after capturing it in the 1967 Mideast war. The international community does not recognize the annexation and considers the Jewish construction in east Jerusalem to be settlement building.

Mr. Netanyahu also told his Cabinet that the U.S.-brokered talks with the Palestinians would include a discussion of the main issues between them, but he added that a “real resolution” of the conflicts could be achieved only in direct talks.

These issues include the status of Jerusalem, final borders and the fate of Palestinian refugees from the war around Israel’s 1948 creation.

The row over east Jerusalem construction held up the start of the indirect talks, which Mr. Mitchell is to broker.

Mr. Mitchell is to meet with Mr. Netanyahu before the prime minister sets off for Washington. On Monday Mr. Mitchell with meet with Mr. Abbas.

Also Sunday, the Israeli military said it would build a checkpoint on lands belonging to the Palestinian village of Betunia to search vehicles before they cross onto a major highway that links Jerusalem to Tel Aviv.

Israel’s Supreme Court ordered the military last year to allow Palestinians to travel on parts of the road that were closed to them in 2002, after Palestinian militants shot at Israeli vehicles on the highway and killed several motorists.

A military spokesman said they were using four acres of land to build the checkpoint. The village mayor said he had been told by the military that 10 acres would be used.

Associated Press writer Karin Laub contributed to this report from Gaza City, Gaza Strip.

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