By Associated Press - Tuesday, November 18, 2014

WASHINGTON (AP) - The Justice Department has initiated roughly 20 civil rights investigations into police departments in the past five years, more than twice the number undertaken in the five years before that. In addition to Ferguson, Missouri, here are some of the others:

- Albuquerque, New Mexico: The Justice Department and the city police force entered last month into a court-enforceable agreement to resolve allegations of excessive force by officers. There were 41 police shootings, 27 of them fatal, since 2010, including the fatal shooting in March of a homeless man that sparked protests

- Portland, Oregon: The police force last year reached an agreement to overhaul the way it interacts with the mentally ill following a federal investigation that found a pattern of excessive force.

- Seattle: The police department agreed in 2012 to an independent monitor and court oversight following a federal report that found officers used excessive force and were too quick to reach for weapons such as flashlights and batons, even when arresting people for minor offenses.

- Newark, New Jersey: A scathing Justice Department report in July found that city police engaged in excessive force, routinely stopped people on the street without legitimate reason and stole property from civilians. The police department consented to an independent monitor.

- New Orleans: A federal judge last year approved a sweeping agreement between the Justice Department and the city police force, which had come under renewed scrutiny following a series of police shootings in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. A 2011 federal report found that police officers had frequently used excessive force without justification, repeatedly made unconstitutional arrests and engaged in racial profiling. The agreement called for the department to overhaul its policies and procedures for use of force, training, interrogations, searches and arrests, recruitment and supervision.

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