- Associated Press - Tuesday, June 23, 2015

BISMARCK, N.D. (AP) - State Veterinarian Susan Keller is urging North Dakota ranchers to make sure their livestock are vaccinated against anthrax, after the first confirmed case of the year in a Grand Forks County beef cow.

Keller says effective vaccines are readily available, but it takes about a week for immunity to be established.

Anthrax bacteria spores lie dormant in the soil and become active under extreme weather conditions such as drought or flooding. Livestock grazing in areas where spores are present can get infected by consuming or breathing in the spores.

North Dakota typically has a few cases of animal anthrax every year. Keller says ranchers should monitor their herds for unexplained deaths and report them to their veterinarians.

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