- Associated Press - Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Charlie Sheen’s recent revelation that he’s HIV-positive served as a reminder that his home state of California remains among a large group of states with HIV-specific criminal laws that activists consider outdated and that the U.S. Department of Justice says should be revised.

According to the Centers for Disease Control, 33 states have HIV criminal laws, the earliest dating to 1986 when fears about AIDS were intense. Most were enacted over the next few years, before antiretroviral therapies sharply reduced the risk of transmission and transformed HIV into what is now considered a manageable medical condition.

The CDC says 24 states require people who know they have HIV to disclose their status to sexual partners and 25 states criminalize behaviors now known to pose a low risk for HIV transmission.

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