Lois Lerner claimed to have little knowledge of the tea party movement and what it stood for, even as she oversaw the IRS’ intrusive scrutiny of tea party groups’ applications for nonprofit status, according to newly released transcripts of a long-secret deposition she gave.
In her 2017 testimony, given in a class-action lawsuit brought by tea party groups that the IRS admitted were wrongly treated, Ms. Lerner portrayed herself as a cog in the machine trying to figure out how to process cases efficiently rather than the anti-conservative crusader her private comments suggested.
She brushed aside her email to colleagues about joining a pro-Obama group ahead of the 2012 election as “a joke” and defended venomous remarks about the Republican Party. She said she made the remarks in her personal capacity and didn’t infect her official work.
“Mistakes being made in cases do not translate into IRS is politically motivated,” she said in the deposition.
Ms. Lerner told Edward Greim, the lawyer who deposed her, that she “knew there was a tea party movement” and had a vague sense that it was conservative, but didn’t know anything else.
“I didn’t pay much attention to it,” she said.
When asked about the tea party movement’s specific activities, she said she “didn’t have any understanding.”
“Did you know the kind of issues that they advocated for and against?” Mr. Greim asked.
“Not really,” Ms. Lerner said.
The statement was startling, and those targeted by the IRS didn’t buy it.
“My response is that she’s lying,” said Catherine Engelbrecht, who founded King Street Patriots and True the Vote, which faced intrusive scrutiny by the IRS. “If you read the questions we were asked by the IRS, there is no doubt but that we were being intentionally targeted. Not only did she know full well what she was involved with, she led the effort.”
Ms. Lerner made clear in the deposition that she didn’t agree with the IRS’s decision to put her on administrative leave in May 2013 after news of the scandal broke. She said she could have been reassigned rather than shown the door.
She was ordered to leave immediately, and she lost access to her work computer and email account. She never returned to the office but was allowed to resign voluntarily on Sept. 30, 2013, with her benefits intact.
The deposition was released as the IRS gained new attention. Democrats this month powered legislation through Congress to pump $80 billion into the agency over the next decade. The funding allows the IRS to hire 87,000 more employees, according to agency estimates.
Republicans stripped funding from the IRS in the wake of the tea party targeting scandal and said the new funding could entice the tax agency into more mischief.
Ms. Lerner and an IRS colleague, Holly Paz, fought to keep their depositions secret in 2017. They convinced the federal judge overseeing the case that releasing the testimony would endanger their lives.
In the ensuing years, the IRS officially apologized for wrongly targeting groups and the government agreed to a multimillion-dollar settlement with tea party groups in the Ohio case.
Yet a request to unseal the depositions remained before the judge. Earlier this year, the judge gave the approval for release, albeit with a few redactions. On Aug. 1, four depositions, two each from Ms. Lerner and Ms. Paz, were unsealed, along with a series of legal filings that were based on the depositions.
In some cases, tea party applications at the IRS languished for years while the agency debated their status. Along the way, some groups faced inappropriate questions about their activities.
The inspector general later concluded that some liberal-leaning groups also were singled out because of their names.
In nearly a decade since the IRS scandal went public, the tea party movement has dissipated, consumed by the more formidable political storm that is former President Donald Trump.
In 2009, when the IRS’s scrutiny began, the tea party was the story in politics. It emerged as the chief opposition movement against President Obama — which makes Ms. Lerner’s professed ignorance all the more striking.
Ms. Lerner’s attorney didn’t respond to a request for comment for this article.
At the time the scandal broke, Ms. Lerner cited her Fifth Amendment right to remain silent in refusing to answer questions from Congress about her actions.
Previously released emails from her time at the IRS gave some insight into Ms. Lerner’s thinking, but the newly unsealed depositions go much deeper, putting her on the spot to defend and explain what she was doing and thinking at the time.
“This is a window into the mind of the person who organized and oversaw the tea party targeting effort,” Mr. Greim told The Times.
The targeting scandal blew up in the middle of May 2013 when the IRS inspector general released a report finding that the agency did subject tea party groups to illicit scrutiny. The report said the agency asked intrusive questions it shouldn’t have asked and delayed approvals in some cases for years.
Knowing the report was coming, Ms. Lerner planted a question at an American Bar Association conference several days ahead of time so she could try to detonate the bombshell.
She said groups with names with the words “tea party” or “patriot” in their names earned “inappropriate” scrutiny, but she claimed it was a result of overzealous “front-line people” at the IRS’s Cincinnati office and not a partisan attack out of Washington.
In fact, Ms. Lerner and officials in Washington were intimately involved in conversations with Cincinnati about how the groups were treated. They tried to pull the cases out of Ohio and centralize them at headquarters.
At one point, Ms. Lerner labeled the tea party cases “very dangerous.” She speculated that if a case reached the Supreme Court, it could result in an extension of the 2010 Citizens United ruling for tax-exempt organizations. Citizens United upheld political speech protections to groups that filed as political committees with the Federal Election Commission.
In one email to someone whose name is redacted from the deposition transcript, Ms. Lerner, a former FEC employee, called Citizens United “by far the worst thing that has ever happened to this country.” She said, “We are witnessing the end of America” because of the influence of money.
In the deposition, she characterized those comments as jokes and her support of stricter political speech disclosure requirements as a matter of cutting her workload.
“If that were true and they had to reveal their donors, they would no longer be sending me lots of applications and I wouldn’t have to be processing them. So it would take care of some of my inventory,” she said.
She denied ever seeing the “Be on the lookout,” or BOLO list, which the IRS used to single out tea party applications for extra scrutiny. She did admit to directing her employees to change the labeling of the list.
“I remember directing Holly and Cindy that calling these cases Tea Party cases was incorrect, that they should be focusing on the issues in the cases, not who the organizations were, and that they needed to reflect the issues as advocacy issues. That’s what I recall,” she said.
Through much of her testimony, Ms. Lerner portrayed herself as a functional bureaucrat trying to keep IRS operations running smoothly with little worry about the nature of the political storm brewing under her.
“It is not my job as director of Exempt Organizations to have an opinion one way or the other about those things. My job is to follow the law and process the applications,” she said.
At one point, she denied having directed Ms. Paz to sit in on all of the interviews that the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) was conducting with her people. Moments later, she was confronted with an email from Ms. Paz describing exactly that directive from Ms. Lerner. Mr. Greim asked her whether that refreshed her memory.
“It does not, but that’s what it says,” she told him.
She couldn’t validate an email she had sent that called Republicans “evil and dishonest,” called President Lincoln “our worst president” and said he “should have let the South go.”
“I don’t remember it,” she said.
Other times, Ms. Lerner showed exacting precision in her deposition, including when Mr. Greim asked her about the inspector general’s “investigation.”
“By the way, this isn’t an investigation,” she told him. “TIGTA does audits of my programs, not investigations. Only the criminal part of TIGTA does investigations.”
Mr. Greim at one point confronted Ms. Lerner with a lengthy set of emails she wrote along those lines attacking Republicans and expressing solidarity with Democrats. In one email, she wondered whether she could “get the D.C. office job” for Priorities USA, a leading advocacy group that was backing Mr. Obama’s reelection.
“It was a joke,” Ms. Lerner said.
Mr. Greim asked her directly: “Ms. Lerner, did you harbor an animus against conservatives like the Tea Party groups?”
“No,” she answered.