"The deeper problem is the pervasiveness of racial bias, both conscious and unconscious, throughout our society," Mr. Bracey said. "Let's be honest about it. For centuries, Americans have been fearful and suspicious of certain racial minorities. Current attitudes that connect race and criminal suspicion are part of the legacy of white supremacy in this country. These attitudes find their way into all aspects of American life, including the criminal justice system."
For example, he said, even though Iowa has required racial impact statements for several years, the state still has significant racial disparities in arrests, incarcerations and the like.