"It is clear that a victory would allow Aristide to govern behind the throne," said Henry Carey, a Haiti expert and political science professor at Georgia State University.
Former President Aristide leaps from behind scenes in Haiti →
Pro-Aristide groups "have been pushing for his return and presume he will become politically active," Mr. Carey said. "He probably won't try to enter this election, but prepare the Lavalas party for the next elections."
Haiti awaits Aristide with hope and dread →