Tuesday, April 18, 2006

MOSCOW — Envoys from the five permanent U.N. Security Council members and Germany discussed sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program yesterday, but a U.S. diplomat said they failed to reach agreement on how to proceed further.

Undersecretary of State R. Nicholas Burns said after nearly three hours of talks that diplomats recognized the “need for a stiff response to Iran’s flagrant violations of its international responsibilities.”

In Washington, President Bush said that “all options are on the table” to prevent Iran from developing atomic weapons but that he will continue to focus on diplomacy. Mr. Bush said there should be a unified effort involving countries “who recognize the danger of Iran having a nuclear weapon.”

Mr. Burns said sanctions had been discussed during the meeting hosted by Russia but indicated that further talks would be needed.

“Iran’s actions last week have deepened concern in the international community, and all of us agreed that the actions last week were fundamentally negative and a step backward,” he said. “So now the task for us is to agree on a way forward.”

He was referring to the announcement last week by Iran’s hard-line president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, that the country had enriched uranium for the first time.

Mr. Burns gave no specifics as to the type or timing of sanctions, and he refused to say whether Russia had softened its opposition to sanctions against Iran. But he reiterated that the United States expected action in the Security Council after an April 28 deadline for Iran to stop uranium enrichment.

Mr. Ahmadinejad remained defiant, warning yesterday that Iran will “cut off the hand of any aggressor” that threatens it and insisting that its military has to be equipped with the most modern technology.

“The land of Iran has created a powerful army that can powerfully defend the political borders,” he told a military parade commemorating Iran’s Army Day.

“Today, you are among the world’s most powerful armies because you rely on God,” he said.

The United States and some of its allies suspect that Iran’s nuclear program is meant to produce weapons, but Tehran insists the program is for peaceful purposes.

Mr. Ahmadinejad further complicated the debate last week by saying that his country is testing an advanced P-2 centrifuge, which could be used to more speedily create fuel for power plants or atomic weapons.

Some analysts familiar with the country’s technology said he could be exaggerating Iran’s capabilities, either to boost his political support or to persuade the watchdog International Atomic Energy Agency to back off.

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