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Sen. John Cornyn, Texas Republican, has introduced another guest-worker bill calling for illegal aliens to receive legal status with the sponsorship of an employer. But his bill would require the aliens to return home after three years to apply for permanent residence, after which they would receive priority treatment.

Mr. Stein said the need for “cheap labor” in this country does not mean that immigration laws already approved by Congress should not be enforced.

In his Miami speech, Mr. Ridge — without mentioning the Cornyn proposal — said an amnesty program that requires illegal aliens to leave the country before applying for legal status was “not workable.”

• Bill Sammon contributed to this report.