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Who killed Jesus, then?

“The big answer is, we all did,” Mr. Gibson said in an ABC interview which aired last night.

The network’s poll found some slight differences among respondents when asked about blame for the Crucifixion, however: 12 percent of evangelical Protestants, 11 percent of Protestants and 6 percent of Catholics said today’s Jews still are responsible for Jesus’ death.

Gauging American religious beliefs has been the focus of other recent surveys as well.

A Harris poll of 2,201 adults charting “Religious and Other Beliefs of Americans 2003” found last year that 93 percent of the nation’s Christians believe in miracles, 95 percent in heaven, 93 percent in the virgin birth of Christ and 96 percent in Christ’s resurrection.

In another survey of 2,306 adults released in October, Harris also found that 42 percent felt God was a male, while only 1 percent said God was a female. Thirty-eight percent said God was neither male nor female, and 11 percent said God was both genders.

The poll also found that 48 percent said God was a “spirit or power that can take on human form but is not inherently human,” 9 percent said God was “like a human being” and 27 percent said God “does not take on human form.”

Meanwhile, a Gallup Poll of 1,004 adults released Dec. 30 found that 61 percent of Americans believe “religion can answer all or most of today’s problems,” although 64 percent felt that religion is losing its influence on the nation.

Another Gallup Poll released in November found that six out of every 10 Americans said religion was “very important” in their lives — compared with 28 percent of Canadians and 17 percent of the British.