It took 10 police officers to keep order last month when Brigitte Gabriel gave a speech at Memphis University.A passionate and powerful speaker who had witnessed Palestinian terrorism and experienced anti-Jewish and anti-Christian propaganda in her native Lebanon, Ms. Gabriel had been invited to speak at the Tennessee campus by religious studies professor David Patterson.
But the day before Ms. Gabriel's speech, Mr. Patterson began receiving threatening e-mails.
"Do you honestly think the scheduled lecture will serve any useful purpose other than inflaming the Muslims, insulting them and spilling poison in the community?" one message said. Another said that inviting Ms. Gabriel to speak was "worse than hosting of the Imperial Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan," and another described her as among "the true enemies of Islam."
When Ms. Gabriel and Mr. Patterson arrived in the campus auditorium 15 minutes before her scheduled presentation, several rows of seats in the front of the room were already occupied by men and women dressed in distinctive Muslim clothing.
Before Ms. Gabriel was introduced, a Muslim man who has been a long-term graduate student at the university strode to the front of the room and announced: "We have been told that the speaker will only accept questions written on cards. Everyone who believes this is an undemocratic lecture, raise your hands." The Muslims in the audience shouted their agreement.
Ms. Gabriel then went to the front of the room and announced that the lecture belonged to her and that all who did not see it this way were welcome to leave. Two campus police officers stood, one on either side of her. They also called for backup. By the time order was restored and Ms. Gabriel began her speech, 10 police officers were posted in the room. Mr. Patterson implored the audience to give her a chance to be heard.
After her speech, she answered every question submitted -- questions she described as "Palestinian talking points" -- before the Muslim audience members swarmed onto the stage and surrounded her, yelling angrily at her. Finally, police officers grabbed her and hustled her out a side door. Someone else had to retrieve her coat and suitcase while she waited in a police car to be driven to the hotel where, for security reasons, she was registered under a fictitious name.
Only after she had locked her door and drawn the curtains, did Ms. Gabriel allow herself to begin to tremble.
"The intimidation takes a toll on you," Ms. Gabriel said in an e-mail message to friends after the Memphis speech. "I was dreading this all day, ever since my hosts told me they had been receiving hostile e-mail about my lecture. It was weighing so heavily on my heart. My stomach was in knots. I got a migraine headache. I knew I was going into battle, and there was no way out of it. I was nervous and stressed. Each time this happens, I hate it and it makes me feel that I don't want to do it anymore. But I will do it. I will never stop. If we stop, the Islamists will have won. We cannot allow that to happen."
Does the right to work in a nonhostile environment trump the right of free speech as envisioned by the First Amendment? Is academic freedom more important than telling the truth?
Years ago, I was asked to testify in a legal action on behalf of a woman who worked the night shift alone in a small store. As a devout Christian, she was offended by the pornographic magazines the store sold. She also felt endangered by the kind of men who came in after midnight to peruse and buy these magazines. She eventually refused to sell the magazines during her shift and was fired.
She sued. The question: Does the First Amendment right of pornographers override a woman's personal religious beliefs and her rights to on-the-job safety? Does being surrounded by pornographic magazines constitute a "hostile" work environment? The company retaliated for her lawsuit by depicting her to the press as a fanatic on on a rampage against both secular society and free speech. My decision to testify on her behalf led some of the usual suspects to question my political sanity and my feminism.
Over the years, I have been consulted by other women, especially those in blue-collar, formerly all-male jobs who have often been harassed and forced to live with sadistic pornography placed in their lockers, locker rooms and work areas.
The film "North Country," which stars Charlize Theron, depicts exactly such mistreatment of female miners. The film is based on a real class-action lawsuit that 19 women first filed in the 1970s against Ogleby Norton in Eveleth, Minn. The women sued because they were subjected to verbal, physical, psychological and sexual abuse and to omnipresent sexual graffiti.
It took more than 20 years for the women to win a settlement, but only after they found themselves put on trial: their sexual, psychological and marital histories were scrutinized in the courtroom.
Many people said that the women simply ought to "tough it out." Some said that pornography and insults were protected under the First Amendment.
Today, when someone tries to tell the truth about Islam or departs from the politically correct line -- against America, Israel, Jews and religion -- just like the female miners of "North Country," they are subjected to hostile working conditions.
In the West, authors critical of Islam are routinely threatened, sometimes sued for "defamation," or slandered as "racists." In Muslim countries, such authors are more often jailed, mobbed, forced into exile or even slain.
Western academics who criticize Islamic culture have been ostracized or silenced on campus. They are shouted down, shamed, interrogated and cursed.
Do we want speakers on our campuses to be subjected to such hostility, to run such a gantlet in order to be heard? Why have so many university presentations descended to the level of "The Jerry Springer Show"?
Why has the Western academic world given a free pass to those who defend the rights of misogynist terrorists who practice both religious and gender apartheid in Islam's name? The women in "North Country" have counterparts in the Islamic world today who suffer worse than mere harassment: Some are stoned to death, publicly hung, gang-raped or suffer genital mutilation. They can be forced to marry their first cousins and, if they refuse, may be victims of an "honor killing."
When speakers tell the truth about this on American campuses, they must endure harsh and punitive working conditions. This reality must be exposed, challenged, and transformed. We must call Nazi tactics by their proper name and not confuse them with a civilized or scholarly exchange of ideas. We must liberate our campuses from such barbarism.
Phyllis Chesler is the author of 13 books including the 1972 best-seller "Women and Madness." Her most recent book, "The Death of Feminism: What's Next in the Struggle for Women's Freedom," describes Islamic "gender apartheid" in both Muslim countries and in Europe and North America, as well as her own captivity in Kabul, Afghanistan.