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“We feel it’s time for Richmond to start giving back part of the revenue we generate for the commonwealth and not continue to put the burden on the backs of the people of Loudoun County and the rest of Northern Virginia,” said Mr. York, an independent on the Loudoun County Board of Supervisors. He voted for the vehicle-rental and hotel-rental taxes.

Mr. York, Mr. Frederick and Bryan E. Polk, Manassas Park vice mayor, were the only members to vote against any of the taxes or fees.

“I think it’s a great plan,” said state Sen. Jeannemarie Devolites Davis, Fairfax County Republican, who voted in favor of the taxes-and-fees package. “We have entered into a great partnership. For years, I have heard Richmond bash local government and local government bash Richmond.”

She said voting yes was a way to bridge that gap.

The authority will begin looking at how to spend the expected $102 million on mass transit and road projects.

However, the Republican-controlled Loudoun County Board of Supervisors is now prepared to challenge the authority’s power to levy local taxes and fees, arguing that the state constitution bars an unelected body from wielding such powers.

Some big-ticket items include $28 million for improvements to the Fairfax County Parkway, almost $15 million to widen the Prince William Parkway from four to six lanes between Hoadly Road and Old Bridge Road, and about $11 million for improved bus service between the Braddock Road metro stop and the Crystal City/Potomac Yard corridor.

The series of local revenue enhancements represent a significant chunk of the multi-billion-dollar transportation compromise that the Republican-controlled General Assembly and Gov. Timothy M. Kaine, a Democrat, approved earlier this year.

That package relies on the budget surplus, long-term borrowing, increased fines for bad drivers, a $10 increase on vehicle-registration fees and regional taxing authorities in Hampton Roads and Northern Virginia.

Conservative Republicans from the rural regions of the state were reluctant to support anything more than the $10 increase in vehicle-registration fees.

So Northern Virginia lawmakers considered the regional plan the best way to ensure that new money raised in Northern Virginia stayed there.

The authority will go today to a Virginia circuit court, which will begin deciding whether the board has taxing power.