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“The AB programs - abstinence, delay of sexual debut, monogamy, fidelity, partner reduction - must continue to be a central part of the U.S. Government´s comprehensive approach to preventing HIV/AIDS.”

But the Center for Health and Gender Equity has criticized the program for monetary restrictions on several prevention activities, including groups that work with prostitutes to educate them of the dangers of AIDS, and needle exchange programs for intravenous drug users.

The administration, which calls PEPFAR the largest commitment ever by a nation for an international health initiative dedicated to a single disease, says the program is on target of reaching its initial five-year goal of treating 2 million people, preventing 7 million new infections and provide care for 10 million people, including children.