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But the survey was also taken at the height of global protests over China’s treatment of Tibet and before a massive earthquake that has killed an estimated 87,000 people.

*Majorities in most countries polled said they saw little hope for a major U.S. success in Iraq, despite recent security gains. But optimism about Iraq’s future rose in two key Middle Eastern allies, with 41 percent in both Jordan and Egypt now saying they believe Iraq will be stable and democratic.

*U.S. respondents in the Pew poll were the least positive about the benefits of international trade of the 24 countries surveyed. Fifty-three percent of Americans said trade was “good for the country,” down from 59 percent a year ago.