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He said rebuilding schools in northern Uganda will give Ugandans confidence to move out of the displacement camps and back to long-abandoned villages to resume subsistence-level farming.

“One of the reasons they don’t want to leave is that they don’t have anything to go back to,” he said. “And they don’t have any promise for security because the war has been so unpredictable.”

He added that many people, now decade-long residents of camps, originally thought they would only leave home for a few months.

Other aid workers with World Vision, a Christian humanitarian aid organization whose supporters sponsor 112,000 Ugandan children, the United Nations and numerous other charities also continue to provide Ugandans with basic necessities, like water, sanitation and health care, as well as education and psychological aid.

One challenge aid workers face is how to help families rebuild, said Geoffrey Kalebbo Denye, communications officer for World Vision in East Africa.

“In Uganda, you are talking about a generation that has grown up without peace,” Mr. Denye said. “We have a generation who were born and have grown up in camps and have not received basic community knowledge necessary for survival.”

At the height of the conflict in 2005, 90 percent of northern Ugandans had fled their homes to escape notorious atrocities of the LRA, said Ms. Knutson, the U.N. spokeswoman.

Children walked miles every night to gather in cramped quarters for safekeeping from the LRA.

Since 2006, half of the 1.7 million people who fled to camps, have left to either return to villages or to transitional communities to live.

Kony faces 12 counts of crimes against humanity and 21 counts of war crimes by the International Criminal Court in the Hague.

“It is the responsibility of the state to ensure that the arrest warrants are enforced,” ICC Outreach Coordinator Maria Mabinty Kamara told The Washington Times.

“The ICC does not have a police force to enforce the warrants. We are a judicial institution and from the point of view of the court, we are not an obstacle to the peace.”

Kony is insisting that the ICC indictments be dropped before he will agree to any peace deal with the Ugandan government.