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D.C. Council member Phil Mendelson, at-large Democrat, said the District’s current registration guidelines will be sufficient until city officials can closely examine the ruling. But, he said that he thinks the loss of the gun ban is bad for the city.

“I do see that there will be a very subtle change for the worse,” he said. “And that change will be more accidents in the home and more violent crimes where the gun was stolen from the citizen.”

Mr. Mendelson, who is chairman of the council’s public safety committee, will hold a hearing next week to discuss options for drafting a policy that will promote gun safety in the home.

D.C. Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton said the argument that residents should be able to own handguns for self- defense has been oversold and that many of them will buy guns for the wrong reasons or act irresponsibly.

“You now have a handy gun in the house in case you need to use it in the neighborhood or somewhere else,” said Mrs. Norton, a Democrat. “These guns are not going stay in the house. They’re going to come out in people’s pockets and in people’s purses.”

Mrs. Norton said she also worries that guns will give residents a false sense of security and be used against them if they are attacked.

But she said that she thinks the Supreme Court’s decision gives the District “considerable room” for effective restrictions.

A spokesman for Rep. Thomas M. Davis III of Virginia, a Republican who in 2005 convened a House committee hearing on legislation that would have repealed the ban, said the congressman would not comment on the ruling.

The court’s ruling comes as Chief Lanier battles a recent spike in homicides in the 5th Police District in Northeast that led her to take a drastic step of setting up traffic checkpoints in the Trinidad neighborhood.

As of Thursday, there were 85 homicides in the city, the same figure as this time last year. Twenty-two of those killings occurred in the 5th District.