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And while Pakistan beefs up its troop presence and pursues new campaigns against militants on its side of the border, the Afghan army and the U.S.-led NATO force in Afghanistan need more troops on the ground to reinforce the gains, Mr. Haqqani maintained.

He said the American post-Sept. 11 obsession with security had badly hurt the country’s image abroad, sometimes in ways Americans do not appreciate.

“You would not believe how small things help bin Laden,” he said. “Every time a significant, respectable Pakistani is humiliated at an American airport, despite having a valid visa, the story doesn’t even make it in your papers, but it’s the biggest story of the day in Pakistan.”