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A Dixon, Mo., man is heckled some days around town for proudly wearing an Obama button.

“There’s not really a nice way to say this. These are farmers. They are not ready for much of a change. People are still not ready for a black president the same way they are not OK with a lady president,” said Matt Huyser, 25, of Hatton, Mo.

A St. Louis firefighter acknowledges that the Illinois Democrat’s stance is more in line with his economic values but that he equates Mr. Obama with a black co-worker who he said has unfairly promoted other black firefighters.

The Republican nominee, Sen. John McCain of Arizona, has conceded the black vote to Mr. Obama but may be earning white voters by default.

“I suppose I will vote for McCain, but it’s really just because I won’t vote for Obama,” said Eddie Siscoe, who was selling Christmas decorations with her husband at a craft fair in Hatton.

She said her opposition to Mr. Obama was based mainly on his trip to Europe and because she considers him to be a “smart aleck.”

“He put on this big show and acted like he was already president,” she said.

Gerald Siscoe was more blunt: “If a black man is elected president, it would shock the world if that happened, in more ways than one.”

Mr. Obama recently told ABC7/News Channel 8 in an interview that racism was not an issue.

“The fact of the matter is people have been continually looking for how race will impact this campaign. And yet, I’m here, 30 days out, competitive in Virginia,” he said.

Rep. Eric Cantor, Virginia Republican, said he thinks Mr. McCain will earn more of the minority vote than estimated.

“People will vote for the candidate that most closely reflects their values and the vision they have for where America should go,” he said. “John McCain much more reflects the center-right position in this country no matter what your skin color is.”

George W. Bush was re-elected in 2004 thanks to 11 percent of black voters, including higher percentages in battleground Ohio, where he captured 16 percent, and Virginia, where he won 12 percent.

This year, “there are no swing African-American voters,” said Bill McInturff, Mr. McCain’s chief pollster.

He said in a recent conference call with reporters that all polls show Mr. McCain winning just 2 percent of black voters but that the “swing” Hispanic vote is small but critical.

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