First had come the warnings to stop working at Camp Taji. When he ignored the threats, he was attacked on his way home from work, shot multiple times and left for dead.
Fearful for his life and his family’s safety, Mr. Adda escaped in 2006 with his wife and eight children to Egypt, where he applied to the U.S. refugee program for Iraqis threatened because of their work for the U.S.
But after months of waiting, Mr. Adda, 43, was informed that the State Department could not verify his eligibility. He was denied access to the program.
Now he is desperate. Because of his refugee status, he is prohibited from working and his children cannot attend public schools. Private tuition is too expensive, and he has exhausted his savings. He cannot support his family in Egypt, but he is determined not to risk their lives by returning to Iraq.
“Can you imagine a father who can’t send his kids to school?” he asked. “What can I do? I helped the Americans. I gave them everything, and I even left my country.”
Legal-aid specialists for Iraqi refugees say Mr. Adda is one of a growing number in Cairo who meet the requirements to apply to the program but have been turned away because the State Department cannot verify that they are eligible.
Policies that were designed to protect against fraud, said refugee advocates, are excluding some of the most vulnerable victims.
“The purpose of the program, which was to honor American commitments to people who fought for them and risked their lives, doesn’t seem to be working,” said Barbara Harrell-Bond, professor of forced migration and refugee studies at the American University in Cairo.
“We’re seeing this happening more and more.”
The U.S. Refugee Admissions Program is open to Iraqis who worked for the U.S. military or government, companies funded by the U.S. government, or American media or nongovernmental organizations.
If the refugees are found eligible for the program, Department of Homeland Security officials decide whether to admit them to the U.S.
There is no cap on the number of refugees admitted, and the State Department recently announced that more than 12,000 Iraqis were accepted in fiscal 2008. More than 17,000 are expected in the next year.
But Mr. Adda’s case illustrates the challenges faced by many of those applying for the program in proving their eligibility.