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Mr. Hooks was remembered as not just a pioneer and activist, but also a dedicated preacher, loving husband and caring friend.

“Mrs. Hooks, you lost your husband, but we lost a hero,” said Memphis Mayor A.C. Wharton Jr.

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People President Benjamin Jealous said Mr. Hooks would want the fight for social justice to continue.

Mr. Hooks’ inspiration to fight social injustice and bigotry stemmed from his experience guarding Italian prisoners of war while serving overseas in the Army during World War II. Foreign prisoners were allowed to eat in “for whites only” restaurants but he was barred from them.

From wire dispatches and staff reports