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“There have been systems in Abkhazia for two years. We can’t confirm whether they have added to those systems or not,” the State Department’s Mr. Crowley said Wednesday. “So I — we will look into that. But just — this is, by itself, is not necessarily a new development.”

Mr. McCain, the ranking Republican on the Senate Armed Services Committee, said Wednesday that he had just completed a phone call with Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili.

“I am very worried about the continued violation of the cease-fire agreement negotiated by [French President Nicolas] Sarkozy,” he said. “I am extremely worried about the continued occupation of parts of Georgia that are in violation of the cease-fire lines. They continue to put military equipment into South Ossetia and Abkhazia, and they continue to threaten Saakashvili.”

David Kramer, a deputy assistant secretary of state for Europe and Eurasia during the George W. Bush administration, said it was a mistake for the Obama administration to oversell the reset with Russia.

“My biggest problem with the administration’s policy is not the idea of the reset, but the administration’s overselling it,” he said. “The administration was all giddy about Russian support for the U.N. resolution in New York against Iran. But getting a resolution isn’t the end. It’s a means to the end.”

Mr. Kramer noted that Russia is expected to complete work on Iran’s Bushehr nuclear reactor by the end of August. Russia has missed several deadlines for completing that project.

While the U.N. sanctions against Iran include a loophole that would allow Moscow to sell the S-300 air-defense system to Tehran, top Russian military officials have said they are suspending the sale for now.

Earlier this summer, the Russian decision prompted threats from Tehran that Moscow would lose business interests in Iran if it did not follow through on its earlier contract to sell the S-300.

The Russia-Iran relationship on some fronts, however, appears to be warming.

Iran’s envoy to Russia, Mahmoud Reza Sajjadi, this month praised the Medvedev government for not joining what it called “unilateral sanctions” against his country. After the passage of the sanctions in June, Russia’s prime minister and former president, Vladimir Putin, said in a visit to Turkey that he did not think the sanctions would have an effect on Iran’s decision-making process.

Mr. Kramer also noted that the Medvedev government in July hosted Iran’s energy minister, another signal that ties may be warming between Russia and Iran.

“All of the comity that there was in New York on Iran seems to be slowly evaporating,” he said.

Heather Hurlburt, executive director of the National Security Network and a former foreign policy speechwriter for President Clinton, said Wednesday that reset with Russia has been a success, in part, because of things that had not happened.

“I don’t want too sound happy or complacent about Lukoil, but nobody who understands Russia imagines we are going to get a Russian government that does everything we like and nothing we don’t like,” she said.

“Most important for short-term interests is the relatively smooth flow of supplies into Afghanistan from Russia.”

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