JUNEAU, Alaska | Since his stunning defeat of Sen. Lisa Murkowski in the Republican primary, "tea party" favorite Joe Miller has made a series of potentially crippling missteps that have helped turn the Alaska Senate campaign into a highly competitive race.
Mr. Miller has been forced to acknowledge his family has benefited from the kinds of entitlements — Medicaid, unemployment, federal farm subsidies — he now rails against. He used a Cold War symbol of suppression, the Berlin Wall, as an example of how the U.S. can secure its own border. He had to deal with the fallout from his security handcuffing and detaining a journalist at a town hall meeting.
And that's only part of it.
With less than two weeks until the election and early voting under way, the near-constant hiccups have helped to make this a heated three-way race between Mr. Miller, Mrs. Murkowski as a write-in candidate and Democrat Scott McAdams, a former Sitka mayor.
Supporters see the media as unfairly targeting Mr. Miller. To them, he is the voice of an angry populace, one of the tea party movement's brightest prospects for shaking up an out-of-control Washington.
"Is any candidate perfect?" asked Jennie Bettine, whose Wasilla-based Conservative Patriots Group is backing Mr. Miller. "No. But Joe Miller is closer to what we think we need for this country" — a pro-gun, anti-abortion defender of the Constitution.
Critics have labeled him an extremist, whose ideas, like weaning Alaska off its reliance on federal aid by giving it greater control of its resources, imperil the future of the state.
They also accuse him of being a hypocrite and a flip-flopper.
After criticizing Mrs. Murkowski during the primary for voting with Democrats on some issues, Mr. Miller now stresses a need for bipartisanship to break through congressional gridlock. He once said he would "absolutely support repeal" of the constitutional amendment that lets voters elect senators but later said he doesn't see amending the Constitution as the "practical solution" to addressing issues in Washington.
Mr. Miller considers himself a "constitutional conservative," favoring limiting the federal government to the constraints laid out in the Constitution and giving greater control to the states. He admits he and his family received government benefits — he says they once struggled, like many people have — but that they no longer receive aid and that he sees nothing contrary in the life he has lived and the positions he now advocates.
He believes he speaks for "common sense" Alaskans — and said the strong support he continues to see across the state shows his message resonates.
"Now, I'll admit, and I've said this before, I'm a man of flaws, there's no question about it. You know, I wasn't born with a silver spoon," said Mr. Miller, who has eight children with his wife, Kathleen, and put himself through Yale law school in part with student loans, on which he still owes.
Mr. Miller's upset of Mrs. Murkowski thrust him onto the national political stage. There he was, all over the cable news shows, an articulate, attractive, Ivy League-educated, veteran of the first Gulf War who did what few imagined possible. That he had Sarah Palin's endorsement — and Mrs. Palin and Mrs. Murkowski had tangled politically in the past — only sweetened the narrative.
It also prompted deeper digging into his background: He has never held elected office, having built a law career that included stints as a state court judge and part-time federal magistrate. His only other run for public office was a failed bid for the state Legislature in 2004.
Jerry McBeath, a political science professor at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, believes Mr. Miller remains the one to beat. He sees the "religious right," which is estimates at 25 percent of the electorate, as strongly in Mr. Miller's camp, and independents frustrated with the way things are headed nationally as capable of being swayed in a sufficient number for Mr. Miller to win.
Mrs. Murkowski and Mr. McAdams are ceding nothing, seizing on Mr. Miller's every misstep even as they tout their own positions, as has the independent, pro-Mrs. Murkowski group Alaskans Standing Together. It has spent over $1 million so far on ads.