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Rep. Mike Rogers, Michigan Republican and member of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, said he thought Mr. Clapper’s remarks on intelligence sharing were “very reasonable.”

“For people who say give everything to everybody, that is not a good way to go about the intelligence business,” Mr. Rogers said. “The struggle is finding the balance.”

Mr. Obama’s Justice Department has pursued prosecutions against government employees who provided information to the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal.

Sen. Christopher S. Bond, Missouri Republican and vice chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, said in an interview that the president’s outrage is misplaced.

“I think it’s ironic that the president is so concerned about leaks when he sanctioned what seems to be a mass secret spilling by his top aids for the [Bob] Woodward book,” Mr. Bond said.

Mr. Woodward’s book, “Obama’s War,” includes lengthy passages that quote classified memos and briefings that are attributed in part to senior White House officials. One such passage discloses that the CIA maintains a 3,000-troop army in northwestern Pakistan.

“The book has described briefings and materials to which only a few people have had access,” Mr. Bond said.