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At the same time, the poll found support for cutting the deficit rather than cutting taxes - a blow to Republicans who are pushing to extend all of the George W. Bush-era tax cuts, including those for the wealthiest filers, that are due to expire at the end of this year.

Although Mrs. Romer said she would like to see the government “spend more and tax less,” she said tax cuts for higher-income earners do not have as much of a stimulative effect on the economy as those for middle-class workers. Democrats have supported extending tax breaks for the middle class while balking at retaining those for the highest income brackets.

The White House has not named a successor to Mrs. Romer, who is returning to academia.

c Stephen Dinan contributed to this report.