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Mr. Doe’s lawyers, Mr. Lena said, “have nonetheless chosen to misuse the legal system as a vehicle to pursue a broader agenda — a decision that has misled the public and wasted considerable resources.”

Mr. Anderson has filed hundreds of lawsuits against priests and dioceses in the United States concerning priestly sex abuse; in addition to the Portland case, he has named the Holy See as a defendant in two other U.S. lawsuits, in Milwaukee and Chicago.

Email requests seeking comment from Mr. Anderson weren’t immediately returned.