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Mr. Mathias said he has not heard much buzz about other Democrats challenging Mr. Harris but thinks the party could win the seat in future years, under the right circumstances.

“I think it’s all about the person, and if we can get less about the affiliations, things will be fine.” he said. “But would we like the numbers to be better? Sure.”

While Republicans could control the 1st District for years to come, they are not necessarily happy with the change, said Sen. E.J. Pipkin, Cecil Republican.

Mr. Pipkin accused the governor of packing Republicans into the district to keep them out of other districts and argued that many Baltimore and Carroll communities now in District 1 have little in common with its core residents on the Eastern Shore.

He also downplayed any assertions that the district’s congressional seat will remain safe for Republicans.

“Every election is unique,” he said. “Clearly, the district has some leanings, but any individual in the right place at the right time can do something.”