PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — Sean Penn no longer lives in a tent, surrounded by some 40,000 desperate people camped on a muddy golf course.
And he no longer rushes about the capital with a Glock pistol tucked in his waistband, hefting bags of donated rice and warning darkly of a worsening humanitarian crisis.
But the actor who stormed onto the scene of one of the worst natural disasters in history certainly has not lost interest.
Defying skeptics, he has put down roots in Haiti, a country he hadn’t even visited before the January 2010 earthquake, and has become a major figure in the effort to rebuild.
“At the beginning, we thought he was going to be like one of the celebrities who don’t spend the night,” said Maryse Kedar, president of an education foundation who has worked alongside Mr. Penn. “I can tell you that Sean surprised a lot of people here. Haiti became his second home.”
Mr. Penn’s role has evolved during the two years of Haiti’s meandering recovery. He started as the head of a band of volunteers, morphed into the unofficial mayor of the golf course-turned-homeless camp and became a member of what passes for Haiti’s establishment — a part of the president’s circle who addresses investors at aid conferences and represents this tumbledown Caribbean country to the world.
He is now an ambassador-at-large for President Michel Martelly, the first non-Haitian to receive the designation, and the CEO of the J/P Haitian Relief Organization, a rapidly growing and increasingly prominent aid group.
The actor, who will be honored for his work in Haiti on Wednesday with the 2012 Peace Summit Award at the 12th World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates in Chicago, has yoked himself to an unlikely cause: helping a country that has lurched from one calamity to another.
A celebrity’s life
“This country is finally getting out of the hole,” he said in an interview with the Associated Press at a house in the Haitian capital that serves as his nongovernmental organization’s crash pad, with rooms divided by plywood and a sign in the kitchen saying no seconds until everyone has had a chance to eat.
It’s strange to see a celebrity of his stature in these surroundings.
He brings glamour to a country that has none, where the streets are largely dirt and most people don’t have indoor plumbing, not to mention any kind of steady job. His leftist politics don’t seem like a match for right-of-center Mr. Martelly, and his leadership of an aid group partially funded by the U.N. doesn’t square with his contempt for foreign nongovernmental organizations. His salty language is not exactly diplomatic.
But maybe there is a kind of weird logic to Mr. Penn’s adventure in Haiti.
He is an actor whose most famous roles are underdogs and whose politics frequently put him at odds with the U.S. government, embracing the likes of Venezuela’s socialist President Hugo Chavez. Haiti is a land of contrasts and contradictions, a poor country in the shadow of the U.S., a place of inspiration and despair.
Or maybe he just wanted to help, says Bichat Laroque, 26, who lives with his mother in the displaced persons camp managed by Mr. Penn’s group: “He married Madonna and he made a lot of money, and after a terrible earthquake he says, ‘Let’s do good things in Haiti.’ “