- The Washington Times - Sunday, April 29, 2012

India’s ambassador to the United States is warning that trade barriers are a threat to developing nations such as her homeland, which has a strong economy but also vast poverty.

Ambassador Nirupama Rao told graduating students at the University of Florida that national boundaries are quickly becoming “increasingly irrelevant” in a global economy.

The biggest threat to prosperity is trade protectionism, she said, urging countries to avoid imposing punitive tariffs on each other to protect domestic industries.

“It builds walls and is thus retrogressive,” she said in her commencement address Friday. “We must be alert to its stifling effects.”

Mrs. Rao noted the “vast gulfs between those who have a wealth of opportunities and those whose lives are ridden with poverty and marginalization.”

She added the prosperity breeds security, while poverty fuels “discontents.”

“We, who live in the developing world, as in India are especially conscious of this reality,” she said.

India has enjoyed about a decade of annual growth at around 7 to 8 percent, yet 25 percent of the nation of 1.2 billion still live in poverty.

“Our challenge is to deliver the benefits of globalization, and economic reform and growth to the many millions of people who must be included in and benefit from this growth process,” she said. “They must have a ticket to ride and we must do right by them …”

MEANWHILE IN NEW DELHI

Nancy Powell, the new U.S. ambassador to India, echoed the words of India’s ambassador in Washington by cheerleading for broader trade and fewer tariffs.

“The business of the U.S. [diplomatic] mission in India is business,” Ms. Powell told the American Chamber of Commerce in India in her fist speech since her arrival in New Delhi on April 19.

“My team and I are going to do everything we can to bolster two-way trade and investment,” she said.

The ambassador noted that U.S.-India trade has increased seven-fold since she last served at the U.S. Embassy in India as a minister-counselor in 1995. Trade has soared to $21 billion from $3 billion. Bilateral commerce is expected to reach $100 billion this year, she said.

Ms. Powell, a career diplomat, is a former U.S. ambassador to Pakistan, Ghana and Uganda.

DIPLOMATIC TRAFFIC

Foreign visitors in Washington this week include:

Monday

• Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda of Japan, who meets with President Obama for the annual Japan-U.S. Summit. He is accompanied by Noriyuki Shikata, deputy Cabinet secretary for public affairs, who holds a 5 p.m. news conference at the National Press Club to discuss Japan’s recovery from last year’s earthquake.

• Adm. Giampaolo Di Paola, the defense minister of Italy, who addresses the Center for Strategic and International Affairs.

Tuesday

• Two members of the European Parliament - Alexander Alvaro of Germany, the parliament’s vice president; and Jim Higgins of Ireland. They meet with officials of the Library of Congress to discuss how the library functions.

Wednesday

• Two members of the European Parliament - Monika Hohlmeier of Germany and Ivailo Kalfin of Bulgaria. They attend the Conference on the Transatlantic Dimensions of Cybersecurity organized by the European Security Round Table and the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

• Giorgios Dimitrakopoulos, a Greek member of the European Parliament, who addresses the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

• Albert del Rosario, secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines, who addresses the Heritage Foundation.

• Ann Bernstein, executive director of the Center for Development and Enterprise in Johannesburg. She addresses the Friedrich Naumann Foundation.

Thursday

• Amr Hamzawy, a member of the Egyptian People’s Assembly, who discusses the Egyptian revolution in a briefing at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Call Embassy Row at 202/636-3297 or email jmorrison@washingtontimes.com. The column is published on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.