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Rio authorities insist that the evictions have been carried out legally, but advocates counter that the city’s compensation is grossly inadequate. In 2010, compensation averaged $16,000 per home — an amount that advocates say falls far short of what the displaced will need to buy another home in Rio, which is one of the hottest property markets in the world.

Activists are also campaigning against the planned metro extension.

They contend that the chosen trajectory is less in the interest of the public good than that of well-connected lobbyists.

“In terms of public transit, the legacy of the games will be nil,” said engineer Licinio Machado Rogerio, a member of the Metro that Rio Needs, a nonprofit group pushing for an alternative subway route that has received considerable support from urban planners, architects and academics.

“Everyone sees the project and comes away scratching their head because it’s so clearly the wrong solution.”

Even the name of an Olympic stadium has sparked a polemic. The stadium slated to host the track and field events bears the name of Joao Havelange, the disgraced Brazilian former head of world soccer body FIFA.

Swiss court documents published last month showed that Mr. Havelange received millions of dollars in a World Cup kickback scandal in the 1990s.

He paid a Swiss court about $550,000 to end a criminal investigation into suspected embezzlement. The decision on a proposed stadium name change is up to the city, but officials have insisted that the name is here to stay.

Explosives at equestrian site

Beyond the controversies, other Olympic projects have been plagued by technical mistakes.

“The preparations have barely begun and already we’ve seen pop up surreal examples of problems which clearly could have been avoided,” read a recent article in the Veja newsweekly magazine.

A drawing on the front page featured a Brazilian athlete bearing the Olympic torch so high that the flames licked away at the games’ five-ringed flag overhead.

The site of the equestrian events, a military zone in the north of the city, is thought to be dotted with explosives left over from trainings and will require a three- to six-month sweep to remove the forgotten ordnance.

An Olympic-sized pool built for the 2007 Pan American Games was judged inadequate to house the swimming competitions and needs a costly renovation to host the Olympic water polo and diving events. The legendary Maracana soccer stadium, which was overhauled for the Pan Am Games, is undergoing another upgrade ahead of the World Cup.

“Everything that was built for the Pan Am Games is obsolete, just five years on, and the Rio 2016 organizers themselves acknowledge there was no legacy from those games besides the experience of hosting a mega-event,” Mr. Gaffney said.

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