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After three years of criticism from advocates, Mr. Obama instituted a policy Aug. 15 that orders authorities not to deport most illegal immigrants brought to the U.S. as children, and it follows on orders to try to focus on dangerous criminals and repeat immigration law violators.

That order dramatically changed the composition of deportations. Before Aug. 25, about 52 percent of all deportations were convicted criminals, according to an analysis by The Washington Times. But over the final 36 days of the fiscal year, 78 percent of all deportations were convicted criminals.

Mr. Obama’s administration has steadily increased deportations, from 390,000 in fiscal 2009 — which was split between President George W. Bush and Mr. Obama — to nearly 410,000 last fiscal year.

The Obama administration says given the resources it asks for and Congress gives every year, ICE can deport only about 400,000 immigrants annually.