You are currently viewing the printable version of this article, to return to the normal page, please click here.

Egypt descends into turmoil over disputed constitution

  • Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi's supporters beat an opponent, center, during clashes outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. Wednesday's clashes began when thousands of Islamist supporters of Morsi descended on the area around the palace where some 300 of his opponents were staging a sit-in. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi's supporters beat an opponent, center, during clashes outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. Wednesday's clashes began when thousands of Islamist supporters of Morsi descended on the area around the palace where some 300 of his opponents were staging a sit-in. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi's supporters, background, clash with opponents, foreground, outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. Wednesday's clashes began when thousands of Islamist supporters of Morsi descended on the area around the palace where some 300 of his opponents were staging a sit-in. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi's supporters, background, clash with opponents, foreground, outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. Wednesday's clashes began when thousands of Islamist supporters of Morsi descended on the area around the palace where some 300 of his opponents were staging a sit-in. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi's supporters try to detain an opposition protester during clashes outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. Wednesday's clashes began when thousands of Islamist supporters of Morsi descended on the area around the palace where some 300 of his opponents were staging a sit-in. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi's supporters try to detain an opposition protester during clashes outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. Wednesday's clashes began when thousands of Islamist supporters of Morsi descended on the area around the palace where some 300 of his opponents were staging a sit-in. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • A supporter of Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi chants slogans during clashes with opponents, not pictured, outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012.  (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)A supporter of Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi chants slogans during clashes with opponents, not pictured, outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi's supporters clash with opponents, not pictured, outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012.  (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi's supporters clash with opponents, not pictured, outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • Egyptian protesters chant anti Muslim Brotherhood slogans outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. Supporters of President Mohammed Morsi and opponents clashed outside the presidential palace.  (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)Egyptian protesters chant anti Muslim Brotherhood slogans outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. Supporters of President Mohammed Morsi and opponents clashed outside the presidential palace. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • Egyptian protesters chant anti Muslim Brotherhood slogans during a demonstration outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. Egyptian  (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)Egyptian protesters chant anti Muslim Brotherhood slogans during a demonstration outside the presidential palace, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Dec. 5, 2012. Egyptian (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • Egyptian protesters chant slogans against the Muslim Brotherhood during a rally Dec. 4, 2012, in front of the presidential palace in Cairo. (Associated Press)Egyptian protesters chant slogans against the Muslim Brotherhood during a rally Dec. 4, 2012, in front of the presidential palace in Cairo. (Associated Press)
  • Egyptian protesters carry national flags and chant slogans against the Muslim Brotherhood during a rally Dec. 4, 2012, in front of the presidential palace in Cairo. Tensions grew over Islamist President Mohammed Morsi's seizure of nearly unrestricted powers and a draft constitution hurriedly adopted by his allies. Arabic on the banner reads, "down with the pharaoh president." (Associated Press)Egyptian protesters carry national flags and chant slogans against the Muslim Brotherhood during a rally Dec. 4, 2012, in front of the presidential palace in Cairo. Tensions grew over Islamist President Mohammed Morsi's seizure of nearly unrestricted powers and a draft constitution hurriedly adopted by his allies. Arabic on the banner reads, "down with the pharaoh president." (Associated Press)
  • Fireworks burst over Tahrir Square as protesters gather in Cairo on Dec. 4, 2012. Demonstrations by tens of thousands of Egyptians outside the presidential palace turned violent as tensions grew over Islamist President Mohammed Morsi's seizure of nearly unrestricted powers. Thousands of protesters also gathered in Cairo's downtown Tahrir Square, miles away from the palace, to join several hundred who have been camping out there for nearly two weeks. (Associated Press)Fireworks burst over Tahrir Square as protesters gather in Cairo on Dec. 4, 2012. Demonstrations by tens of thousands of Egyptians outside the presidential palace turned violent as tensions grew over Islamist President Mohammed Morsi's seizure of nearly unrestricted powers. Thousands of protesters also gathered in Cairo's downtown Tahrir Square, miles away from the palace, to join several hundred who have been camping out there for nearly two weeks. (Associated Press)
  • An Egyptian boy atop his mother’s shoulders waves a national flag in Tahrir Square in Cairo, where several hundred demonstrators have been camping for two weeks. (Associated Press)
  • Egyptian protesters chant slogans against the Muslim Brotherhood during a rally Dec. 4, 2012, in front of the main gate of the presidential palace in Cairo. (Associated Press)Egyptian protesters chant slogans against the Muslim Brotherhood during a rally Dec. 4, 2012, in front of the main gate of the presidential palace in Cairo. (Associated Press)
Question of the Day

Is it still considered bad form to talk politics during a social gathering?

View results

CAIRO (AP) — Supporters and opponents of Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi fought with rocks, firebombs and sticks outside the presidential palace in Cairo on Wednesday in large-scale clashes that marked the worst violence of a deepening crisis over the disputed constitution.

Egypt's Health Ministry said 126 people were wounded in the clashes, which still were raging hours after nightfall.

Three of Mr. Morsi's aides resigned in protest of his handling of the crisis. With two aides who had quit earlier, now five of his panel of 17 advisers have left their jobs since the problems began.

Mohamed ElBaradei, a leading opposition advocate of reform and democracy, said Mr. Morsi's rule was "no different" from that of former President Hosni Mubarak, whose authoritarian regime was toppled in an uprising nearly two years ago.

"In fact, it is perhaps even worse," Mr. ElBaradei, a Nobel laureate, told a news conference after he accused the president's supporters of a "vicious and deliberate" attack on peaceful demonstrators.

The opposition is demanding that Mr. Morsi rescind decrees giving him nearly unrestricted powers and shelve a disputed draft constitution that the president's Islamist allies passed hurriedly last week.

The dueling demonstrations and violence are part of a political crisis that has left the country divided into two camps: Islamists versus an opposition made up of youth groups, liberal parties and large sectors of the public. Both sides have dug in their heels, signaling a protracted standoff.

The latest clashes began when thousands of Islamist supporters of Mr. Morsi descended on the area around the palace where some 300 of his opponents were staging a sit-in. The Islamists, members of Mr. Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood group, chased the protesters away from their base outside the palace's main gate and tore down their tents.

The protesters scattered to side streets, where they chanted anti-Morsi slogans. After a lull in fighting, hundreds of young Morsi opponents arrived at the scene and immediately began throwing firebombs at the president's backers, who responded with rocks.

"I voted for Morsi to get rid of Hosni Mubarak. I now regret it," Nadia el-Shafie yelled at the Brotherhood supporters from a side street. "God is greater than you. Don't think this power or authority will add anything to you. God made this revolution, not you," said the tearful Ms. el-Shafie as she was led away from the crowd of Islamists.

By nightfall, about 10,000 Islamists were outside the palace. They set up metal barricades to keep traffic off a stretch of road that runs parallel to the palace in Cairo's upscale Heliopolis district. Some of them appeared to plan to stage their own sit-in.

"May God protect Egypt and its president," read a banner hoisted on a truck that came with the Islamists. Atop, a man using a loudspeaker recited verses from the Quran.

"We came to support the president. We feel there is a legitimacy that someone is trying to rob," said engineer Rabi Mohammed, a Brotherhood supporter. "People are rejecting democratic principles using thuggery."

At least 100,000 opposition supporters rallied outside the palace on Tuesday, and smaller protests were staged by the opposition elsewhere in Cairo and across much of Egypt. It was the latest of a series of mass protests against the president

Buoyed by the massive turnout on Tuesday, the mostly secular opposition held a series of meetings late Tuesday and Wednesday to decide on next steps in the standoff, which began Nov. 22 with Mr. Morsi's decrees that placed him above oversight of any kind.

It escalated after the president's allies, who dominated the constitution-writing assembly, hurriedly pushed through the draft constitution without participation of representatives of liberals, minority Christians and women.

While calling for more mass rallies is the obvious course of action, activists said opposition leaders also were discussing whether to campaign for a "no" vote in a Dec. 15 constitutional referendum or to call for a boycott.

Brotherhood leaders have been calling on the opposition to enter a dialogue with the Islamist leader, but the opposition contends that a dialogue is pointless unless the president first rescinds his decrees and shelves the draft charter.

Vice President Mahmoud Mekki called for a dialogue between the president and the opposition to reach a "consensus" on the disputed articles of the constitution and put their agreement in a document that would be discussed by the next parliament. But he said that  the referendum must go ahead and that he was making his "initiative" in a personal capacity, not on behalf of Mr. Morsi. He put the number of clauses in disputes at 15 out of a total of 234.

Speaking to reporters, Mr. ElBaradei said there would be no dialogue unless Mr. Morsi rescinded his decrees and shelved the constitution draft. Asked to comment on Mr. Mekki's offer, he said: "With all due respect, we don't deal with personal initiatives. If there is a genuine desire for dialogue, the offer must come from President Morsi."

The charter has been criticized for not protecting the rights of women and minority groups, and many journalists see it as restricting freedom of expression. Critics also say it empowers Islamic religious clerics by giving them a say over legislation, while some articles were seen as tailored to get rid of the Islamists' enemies.

If the referendum goes ahead as scheduled and the draft constitution is adopted, elections for parliament's lawmaking lower chamber will be held in February.

AP reporters Maggie Michael and Sarah El Deeb contributed to this report.

Copyright 2014 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Comments
blog comments powered by Disqus
TWT Video Picks