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The former federal judge was a member of the legal team led by Thurgood Marshall that turned to the courts to battle discrimination in the 1940s and 1950s. That team won high-profile victories such as the Brown v. Board of Education decision in 1954 in which the U.S. Supreme Court decreed segregated public schools were unconstitutional.

Robert Carter was nominated for the federal judiciary in 1972. His tenure there included oversight of the merger between the National Basketball Association and the American Basketball Association.


Phone use of convicted polygamist leader suspended

HOUSTON — Texas prison officials have suspended indefinitely the phone privileges of convicted polygamist sect leader Warren Jeffs while they investigate whether he violated rules with improper calls Christmas Day.

Officials think the calls Jeffs made to two approved people on his phone list were broadcast on a speakerphone to his congregation, a violation of the prison phone rules.

“At this point, he’s unable to make phone calls pending the outcome of the investigation,” Texas Department of Criminal Justice spokesman Jason Clark said Wednesday.

He said the inquiry would likely wrap up within the next week or so. Authorities aren’t saying how they found out Jeffs may have been preaching over the phone but have noted that except for calls to their lawyers, calls made through the inmate telephone system are monitored and recorded.

Jeffs, 56, is serving a life sentence plus 20 years at an East Texas prison for sexually assaulting two of his underage brides. The charges followed a raid in 2008 on a West Texas ranch that’s home to followers of his Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.


Library sued over blocking of religious content

ST. LOUIS — The American Civil Liberties Union has sued a small-town public library, claiming it unconstitutionally blocks access to websites related to Wicca and other minority religions.

The lawsuit was filed Tuesday in St. Louis on behalf of Anaka Hunter, a resident of Salem, a largely Christian community of about 5,000 residents in the Missouri Ozarks.

Miss Hunter said she was trying to do research at the Salem Public Library but filtering software blocked access to many sites about religions such as Wicca, an earth-based religion, derived from pre-Christian religions and magical practices that promote a peaceful and balanced lifestyle. Miss Hunter was also unable to access sites about American Indian religions.

Library director Glenda Wofford said it isn’t the library’s intent to prohibit reasonable use of the Internet for research and other legitimate purposes. She said she would have unblocked websites but Miss Hunter refused to specify which sites she wanted to access, citing privacy rights.

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