- Associated Press - Thursday, July 19, 2012

MOSCOW — A top Muslim cleric in Russia’s Tatarstan province was shot dead Thursday and another was wounded by a car bomb in attacks that the province’s leader and local religious authorities said were probably related to the priests’ criticism of radical Islamists.

Valiulla Yakupov, the deputy to the Muslim province’s chief mufti, was gunned down as he left his house in Tatarstan’s regional capital of Kazan, Russia’s Investigative Committee said. Minutes later, chief mufti Ildus Faizov was wounded in the leg after an explosive device ripped through his car in central Kazan, it said.

Both clerics were known as critics of radical Islamist groups that advocate a strict and puritan version of Islam known as Salafism. Investigative Committee spokesman Vladimir Markin told Russian media his agency was looking into the clerics’ stances as a possible reason for the attacks.

The rise of Salafism in this oil-rich Volga River province has been fueled by the influx of Muslim clerics from Chechnya and other predominantly Muslim provinces of Russia’s Caucasus region, where Islamic insurgency has been raging for years. Last year, Doku Umarov, leader of embattled Chechen separatists, issued a religious decree calling on radical Islamists from the Caucasus to move to the densely populated Volga River region that includes Tatarstan.

The 49-year-old Mr. Faizov became Tatarstan’s chief mufti in 2011 and began a crackdown on radical Islamists by dismissing extremist preachers and banning textbooks from Saudi Arabia, where the government-approved religious doctrine is based on Salafism.

He has also been criticized by media in Tatarstan for allegedly profiting on tours he organized for Muslim pilgrims and for trying to gain control of one of the oldest and largest mosques in Kazan, which receives hefty donations from thousands of believers.

Tatarstan’s regional leader condemned the attack and called for tougher measures against radical Islamists.

“What happened today is an obvious challenge,” Rustam Minnikhanov was quoted by the Interfax news agency as saying. “Our position must be much tougher. Traditional Islam has never allowed such things.”

Mr. Minnikhanov visited the wounded mufti in the hospital, where Mr. Faizov told him he jumped out of the car right as soon as he heard a bang.

“Good thing I was not buckled up,” he was quoted by state media as saying.

More than a half of Tatarstan’s 4 million people are Sunni Muslims. Tatars converted to Islam more than a thousand years ago, and the province became an important center of Muslim learning and culture under Tatar-Mongol rulers who controlled Russia and parts of Eastern Europe.

Islamic radicals from the Caucasus have called for the establishment of a caliphate, an independent Islamic state under Shariah law that includes the Caucasus, Tatarstan and other parts of Russia that were once part of the Golden Horde, a medieval Muslim state ruled by a Tatar-Mongol dynasty.