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Following the service, the queen went to the thousand-year-old Westminster Hall, the oldest part of the Parliament complex, to join 700 guests from the various Livery Companies — the guilds that originated in the Middle Ages.

Prince William sat at the Worshipful Company of Engineers and Arbitrators table, while his wife, Kate, was placed with the Master Glovers and Pattenmakers. Prince Harry dined with the Fruiterers and Gardeners.

With most of Tuesday’s events indoors or under cover, there was less worry about the precarious weather, which has ranged from unseasonably cool to downright foul, as rain poured during Sunday’s grand procession of boats down the Thames.

The queen will close the Diamond Jubilee celebrations with a rare address to the nation, to be broadcast at 6 p.m. in Britain (1 p.m. EDT) and throughout the Commonwealth.

The two-minute address, recorded on Monday, also will be available on the Royal Channel on YouTube, the palace said. Other than the annual Christmas Day broadcasts, the queen rarely has spoken directly to the nation.

President Obama sent a video tribute extending “the heartfelt congratulations of the American people” to the queen. Mr. Obama hailed her as “a living witness to the power of our alliance, and a chief source of its resilience.”

Twin sisters Margaret and Dorothy Roake were standing in the Mall more or less where they had been standing on Coronation Day in 1953 — a year after the queen ascended to the throne.

“The coronation was fabulous, and this is really special. It makes you feel a reality in being British,” Margaret Roake said.

Benedict Cleotes, 40, of the Philippines said he came to the Mall at 4 a.m. to claim his spot.

“Seeing the queen is very special to me, and I want to have something to tell them in the Philippines. They will be jealous,” he said.

Among the early arrivals at the cathedral were four women from Jedburgh, a Scottish town near the English border, who displayed a large Union Jack flag.

“We’ve been saving for three years to come here,” said Marion Kingswood, 69. “Apart from the royal wedding, there’s been nothing like it. Sixty years is such an achievement.”

A few anti-monarchist demonstrators were outside the cathedral with slogans including “Republic Now!” or, in a shot at the cost of maintaining the monarchy, “9500 Nurses or 1 Queen?”

Royalists in the crowd responded noisily, chanting, “God save the queen!”

Along the parade route, 70-year-old Margaret Barker said Philip’s absence would put a damper on the queen’s day.

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