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The demonstrations “will probably have no impact on the government’s strategy,” he said in a written analysis.

Protests also took place Saturday in other European cities, and were planned in South American countries including Brazil and Chile.

In Britain, several hundred anti-capitalist protesters from the Occupy movement marched peacefully through London’s financial district, rallying outside the offices of major banking groups such as Merrill Lynch and Santander.

Hundreds also took to the streets in Brussels and Lisbon, Portugal, where the turnout was lower than last year.

The protesters called for governments to enact a host of measures, including a global tax on financial transactions and more democratic international financial bodies.

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Monica Lopez in Madrid, Barry Hatton in Lisbon, Portugal, and Sylvia Hui in London, contributed to this report.