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As Mr. Amano arrived, Iranian lawmaker Heshmatollah Falahtpisheh told the Associated Press that Tehran likely will accept more inspections of Parchin “if it feels there is good will within the (IAEA) agency.”

But Mr. Falahtpisheh, a member of the influential parliamentary committee of national security and foreign policy, warned that this new openness likely will come with expectations that the West would in return ease international sanctions on Iran.

“In opening up to more inspections, Iran aims at lowering the crisis over its nuclear case,” Mr. Falahtpisheh said, “but if the sanctions continue, Iran would stop this.”

A political analyst in Tehran, Hamid Reza Shokouhi, said Iran is watching carefully to see if the West shows more “flexibility and pays attention to Iranian demands” during Mr. Amano’s trip.

“Then Iran will show flexibility, too,” Mr. Shokouhi said.

Both sides appeared to be doing their best to dispel tension that had built up between Tehran and the agency in the past. Mr. Amano expressed regret for the assassination of four Iranian nuclear experts over the past two years and said, “I will do my best to protect classified information” of IAEA member countries.

Iran blames the killings on Western and Israeli intelligence and has in the past accused the agency of leaking information on its nuclear program as well as its nuclear scientists. The IAEA denies this.

Mr. Jalili, meanwhile, praised the IAEA for what it said was its work “opposing false claims of the U.S. in Iraq” regarding Baghdad’s alleged possession of weapon of mass destruction prior to the 2003 U.S.-led invasion, according to the official state IRNA news agency.

Mr. Amano also met Fereidoun Abbasi, head of Iran’s nuclear agency, as well as Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi during his visit.

Associated Press writer George Jahn in Vienna, Austria, contributed to this report.