NEW YORK — Cruise watchers looking back at the industry's past year say the Concordia disaster affected everything from prices to safety drills to first-time cruisers, but bookings appear to be picking up as the 2013 cruise booking season gets under way.
The first three months of each year are known as "wave season," a period when many cruisers book trips as they plan ahead for summer vacations.
The Costa Concordia ran aground and capsized Jan. 13, 2012, killing 32 people just as last year's wave season began.
Experts have blamed the captain for the disaster, saying he took the ship off course in a stunt. The wrecked ship is still lying on its side in waters off Tuscany, Italy.
"In hindsight the market took a bigger hit than anticipated," said Michael Driscoll, editor of the industry newsletter Cruise Week. "First-time business (from people taking their first-ever cruise) was off in particular."
The lowered demand led to a decline in prices because cruise lines are loathe to sail a ship without filling every room, so they'll drop prices until the ship is at capacity.
Mr. Driscoll said a gradual recovery for the cruise industry began to emerge in the fourth quarter of 2012, and now, said Mr. Driscoll, a year after the Concordia disaster, "top travel agents are reporting a surprisingly strong winter season bookings for sailings that depart in later 2013, not great, but good."
Heidi Allison-Shane, spokeswoman for CruiseCompete, said "cruise demand and prices were down significantly last year at CruiseCompete, with first quarter demand down in the 15 percent to 18 percent range. This was largely a result of the negative publicity surrounding the Costa Concordia sinking, but a very warm winter in most of the U.S. and a slow economy were also factors."
She added that "the low booking volume early in the year led to more inventory being available throughout the year, causing prices overall to be down an average of about 5 percent to 7 percent across all cruise lines according to our measures."
Ms. Allison-Shane also said booking activity picked up on CruiseCompete in January of this year, about 7 percent overall but even more for premium and luxury cruises, "but we are still seeing some lower prices as a result of lower sales in 2012 as the lines have more promotions."
Ms. Allison-Shane said CruiseCompete, which is a cruise-booking website for consumers, generally sees 30 to 35 percent of cruises for the year booked during wave season.
Carolyn Spencer Brown, editor of CruiseCritic.com, said "we're definitely seeing everything rebounding. I see advertising is going back to appeal to first-time cruisers."