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“We need a system in which women can get justice quickly. Otherwise, in the normal course of things, it can take 10 or 12 or 14 years for cases to be taken up by the court. That is tantamount to denying justice to the victim,” she said.

Others, however, worried that fast-track courts sacrifice justice for speed, overlooking evidence and limiting the cross-examination of witnesses.

Vrinda Grover, a senior lawyer in the Delhi High Court and a women’s rights activist, said the traditional court system needs to be overhauled — not abandoned — to give proper justice to rape victims.

“We don’t want these cases of sexual crimes against women to become ghettoized in single courts. These cases have to be dealt with by across-the-board judges,” she said. “What we need is that in all courts, these cases have to be taken seriously, and need to be addressed without granting unnecessary adjournments. And we need all judges and prosecutors to be oriented in this manner.”

“These (fast-track-court) gimmicks do not work. They have not worked in the past,” she said, adding that even these cases get bogged down once they go to appeals courts.

Kumari said victims could not afford to wait the decades it could take to reform the justice system.

“In the meantime, the fast-track courts are an absolute necessity,” she said.