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Mr. Watkins noted that no incumbent lives in the new black-majority district, creating an opportunity for 74 black elected officials — school board members, county supervisors, state delegates and others — who live within its borders.

However, creating an open district meant squeezing two senators into an existing district: Democrat R. Creigh Deeds of Bath County and Republican Emmett W. Hanger Jr. of Augusta County.

Mr. Watkins said that along with creating the new black-majority district, the revised map reduces the number of split localities from 65 to 43 and adheres more closely to the “one person, one vote” principle.