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BBWAA president Susan Slusser of the San Francisco Chronicle said she didn’t vote for Bonds, Clemens or Sosa.

“The evidence for steroid use is too strong,” she said.

As for Biggio, “I’m surprised he didn’t get in.”

Mark McGwire, 10th on the career home run list with 583, received 16.9 percent on his seventh try, down from 19.5 last year. He got 23.7 percent in 2010 _ a vote before he admitted using steroids and human growth hormone.

Rafael Palmeiro, among just four players with 500 homers and 3,000 hits along with Hank Aaron, Willie Mays and Eddie Murray, received 8.8 percent in his third try, down from 12.6 percent last year. Palmeiro received a 10-day suspension in 2005 for a positive test for performance-enhancing drugs, claiming it was due to a vitamin vial given to him by teammate Miguel Tejada.

MLB.com’s Hal Bodley, the former baseball columnist for USA Today, said Biggio and others paid the price for other players using PEDs.

“They got caught in the undertow of the steroids thing,” he said.

Bodley said this BBWAA vote was a “loud and clear” message on the steroids issue. He said he couldn’t envision himself voting for stars linked to drugs.

“We’ve a forgiving society, I know that,” he said. “But I have too great a passion for the sport.”

NOTES: There were four write-in votes for career hits leader Pete Rose, who never appeared on the ballot because of his lifetime ban that followed an investigation of his gambling while manager of the Cincinnati Reds. … Two-time NL MVP Dale Murphy received 18.6 percent in his 15th and final appearance. … At the July 28 ceremonies, the Hall also will honor Lou Gehrig and Rogers Hornsby among a dozen players who never received formal inductions because of restrictions during World War II. … Piazza has a book due out next month that could change the view of voters before the next election.

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AP Sports Writers Dan Gelston, Mike Fitzpatrick, John Marshall and Ben Walker contributed to this report.