- Associated Press - Wednesday, July 30, 2014

BRUSSELS (AP) - The European Union’s sanctions against Russia are bound to inflict pain on the country’s ailing economy. While still narrowly targeted, they come as a warning shot to convince Moscow to change its Ukraine policies or face even tougher penalties.

Here’s a look at the sanctions and their potential impact.

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FINANCIAL SANCTIONS

The sanctions prohibit the sale of bonds and shares on EU market by banks that are controlled by the Russian government. No EU firms will be allowed to help those banks in placing debt on international financial markets, and EU investors will also be barred from buying such bonds or shares on all markets.

The state-owned banks last year issued 7.5 billion euros ($10 billion) in debt with a maturity of over 90 days on Europe’s market, according to EU officials who briefed reporters in Brussels on condition of anonymity because they weren’t authorized to release details pending a formal announcement Thursday.

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ARMS EMBARGO

Exports and imports of weaponry and other military goods to and from Russia will be banned.

Once again, Russian will be hit harder than Europe. Russian exports of arms and military equipment to the EU is worth some 3.2 billion euros annually, while Europe’s exports to Russia are worth only about 300 million euros, according to EU figures.

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OIL TECHNOLOGY SANCTIONS

The EU sanctions prohibit the exports of certain oil exploration equipment to hamper the long-term development of Russia’s oil industry.

The sanctions target equipment or services used for deep sea drilling, Arctic drilling and shale oil exploitation. EU exports of those technologies to Russia total 150 million euros, or about one tenth of the overall sales of energy technology goods to Russia, according to EU officials.

Exports to Russia of goods that could be used for such oil projects will require prior approval by the EU member states’ national export control authorities.

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