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Nearly half the group’s members are women, attracted by its promotion of sexual equality. Female volunteers receive the same training as the men, wear the same clothes, and greet visitors with a steady eye and firm handshake.

“Here in our camp, the women learn to be strong so that when they go back to Iran, they can teach women and, in fact, all people about our struggle for democracy and human rights,” said Gulistan Dugan, 36, a psychology graduate from the University of Tehran and a member of the leadership council.

“The daughters of our movement take part in all our operations, including military ones.”