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The United States’ largest no-take marine reserve is a 1,547-square-mile network within Hawaii’s remote Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, according to NOAA.

Limited sustenance and research fishing and a few small commercial operations currently are allowed within much of the remainder of the monument’s 140,000 square miles, but all commercial fishing there will be phased out by 2011.

Mike Hirshfield, chief scientist at Oceana, a sea life advocacy group, said that if current fishing trends continue without added protections, anglers could fish themselves out of business. He compared reef habitat breeding grounds to investment banks.

“Once you liquidate the capital, you can’t live off the interest anymore,” he said.