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Many Republicans are angry that Mr. Reid - who as majority leader controls the legislative schedule - has brought several bills unrelated to energy to the floor in recent days in lieu of Republican proposals to increase domestic oil drilling, which they say would lead to lower gasoline prices at the pump.

Congress beginning next week is scheduled to be in recess for 5 weeks - too long, Republicans say, for the American public to be without a plan to reduce the price of gasoline.

As a protest, Republicans on Saturday blocked a Democratic aid package aimed at helping low-income residents and seniors pay for heating and cooling costs. And in a similar gesture, Republicans on Friday defeated a Democratic bill designed to curb excessive speculation in the oil futures market.

Mr. Coburn, like Mr. McConnell, also chided Mr. Reid for bringing the package to the floor only days before Congress breaks for its August recess, saying it was “nothing but an attempt by Majority Leader Reid to distract public attention from his obstruction of common-sense energy policies.”

“Once we complete work on a common-sense energy package, I look forward to working with my colleagues to help them improve and pass many of the bills the majority leader hoped to pass today,” Mr. Coburn said.

But Mr. Reid says Republican accusations that he has refused to allow a vote on drilling ring hollow, saying Republicans could have attached a drilling amendment to the anti-speculation bill.

“When we offered Republicans a vote on the very thing they claim to want more than anything - offshore drilling - they said no,” Mr. Reid said.