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The Republican Party did an effective job of making Mr. Moore radioactive, however, and the film’s message got lost in the wake. “As you got closer toward the election, people got the sense that maybe Moore is off the edge, over the top and all this stuff,” Mr. Toplin said. “The campaign to discredit the moviemaker as well as the movie had an impact, so in the end it didn’t make the difference.”

Despite taking in $119 million at the box office, it’s not clear how much - or in which direction - Mr. Moore’s film pushed audiences.

On the celebrity front, it appears as though the glitterati have learned their lessons from elections past: The American public doesn’t care what it’s movie icons and rock stars have to say about the election.

In a New Yorker profile earlier this year, liberal icon George Clooney is portrayed as having come to grips with that fact. “He has not publicly campaigned, for fear of doing damage” to Mr. Obama, wrote Ian Parker. “He felt that his father’s campaign for Congress was undermined by ‘Hollywood versus the Heartland’ rhetoric.” The actor’s father, Nick Clooney, ran for Congress in Kentucky in 2004.

For the most part, limousine liberals have stayed under wraps, confining their support to lavish fundraisers off-limits to the press. When a celebrity does make a political pronouncement - as Madonna did last week when she “banned” Gov. Sarah Palin from attending her concerts - they tend to either be ignored or laughed away as irrelevant.

It’s fair to say that the most visible aspect of the entertainment industry’s attempt to influence the election comes from a stalwart: “Saturday Night Live.” Tina Fey’s impressions of Mrs. Palin are spot-on and, in the words of conservative entertainment blogger John Nolte (aka “Dirty Harry), “devastating, but fair.” Mrs. Fey’s skit lampooning Katie Couric’s interview with the vice-presidential nominee has turned into a viral sensation, showing up in all corners of the blogosphere.

“Katie Couric didn’t ask one question Palin shouldn’t have expected and been prepared for,” Mr. Nolte wrote in the days after the episode. “Katie Couric is not the problem.”

Mrs. Palin has taken the teasing in stride, however, and plans on appearing on “Saturday Night Live” on Oct. 25 to score some points of her own.