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Four years ago, President Bush’s PIC expenses totaled $43 million. That did not include security costs.

Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton, a Democrat and the District’s nonvoting member of Congress, said most of the inauguration-related expenditures are being spent to police and transport the expected big crowds, not on fancy inaugural balls.

“It looks like the Obama people recognize the predicament they were coming into,” she said. “It appears they’ve tried to recognize that the crowds would need to have something to do, while at the same time not creating the kinds of festivities that would make it seem they were oblivious to the economic crisis.”

Mrs. Norton said the burden is falling on local jurisdictions and the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. She said she would ask Congress for more money for Metro.

“This is a national event and it would have flopped if Metro hadn’t stepped up to the plate,” she said.

The District, Maryland and Virginia have asked to be reimbursed for $75 million in expenses to cover security, road closures and other costs because of their proximity to the event.

Mr. Bush declared the District an emergency area on Jan. 13, opening the door for $15 million in federal assistance. Maryland’s congressional delegation also wants a federal disaster declaration.

Citing “difficult economic times,” the Maryland delegation sent a letter to Mr. Bush estimating that state and local governments are expected to spend at least $12 million. The costs include providing security for Mr. Obama’s whistle-stop train tour through the state this past weekend.

“The state of Maryland will be providing critical services to keep its residents safe and secure, and it is essential that the federal government provide assistance to cover the associated costs,” said Rep. Elijah E. Cummings, Maryland Democrat.

The inaugural committee raised its money from the private sector, but shunned donations from political action committees, lobbyists, corporations and unions.

The committee consists of Hyatt heiress Penny Pritzker, business executive John W. Rogers Jr., retired executive Pat Ryan, former Commerce Secretary William Daley and professional fundraiser Julianna Smoot, who established what they called in a statement a $50,000 contribution limit to underscore their “commitment to change business as usual in Washington.”

• Kara Rowland and Sean Lengell contributed to this report.