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Republicans, though, said they have not had enough input in the measure, which they said is skewed too much toward spending.

“There is a growing and grim recognition within our conference that there’s very little likelihood of a significant change in this colossal spending bill,” said Sen. Jeff Sessions, Alabama Republican. “And so we need to resist this package with everything that we have.”

Filipino veterans said the money is deserved and belongs in the recovery package because time is critical.

Franco Arcebal, a Filipino World War II veteran and vice president of the American Coalition for Filipino Veterans, said his group estimates that 3,000 veterans have died since its last count in 2007, including the veteran who used to lobby Capitol Hill for the spending, who died in December, and six deaths in Mr. Arcebal’s home region of Los Angeles last month.

“Every time a person dies, it will reduce the expenditure of the U.S. government. We don’t want the U.S. government to wait for all of us to die before they give us this,” said the 85-year-old Mr. Arcebal. “From 1946 up to now we were still clamoring for justice and return of these veterans’ benefits that were taken away from us.”

Mr. Arcebal said about 250,000 Filipinos served under U.S. command in World War II.

He said they hope Mr. Inouye will persuade the House to act.

Part of the delay last year was those among the Filipino veterans who are U.S. citizens didn’t want the $15,000 payments to cut into their Social Security income, which the House version required. Non-U.S. citizens would have received $9,000.

Troops who were already serving in the Philippine Scouts, the new Philippine Scouts, the Guerrilla Services and the Philippine Commonwealth Army were put under U.S. military control by executive order of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941. The Philippines were under U.S. control at the time, but the U.S. granted the island chain independence after World War II.

Some veterans began receiving benefits before Congress’ 1946 law revoking the offer of benefits and citizenship, and those benefits have continued. But some Filipino veterans’ service was deemed not to meet the definition of “active service” and were denied the benefits; those are the veterans Mr. Inouye seeks to aid.

Aside from the overseas location of many of the veterans, the lump-sum payment also could be contentious.

The Obama administration, speaking about the tangential issue of tax cuts, argues that lump-sum tax rebates are not as effective in stimulating the economy as a cut that pays out in smaller amounts in paychecks.

• Kara Rowland and David R. Sands contributed to this report.