In his speech last week in Cairo, President Obama proclaimed he was a “student of history.” But despite Mr. Obama’s image as an Ivy League-educated intellectual, he lacks historical competency in both facts and interpretation.
This first became apparent during the presidential campaign. Mr. Obama proclaimed then that during World War II, his great-uncle had helped liberate Auschwitz and that his grandfather knew fellow American troops who had entered Auschwitz and Treblinka.
Both are impossible. The Americans didn’t free either Nazi death camp. (Regarding Mr. Obama’s great-uncle’s war experience, the Obama team later said he had meant the camp at Buchenwald.)
Much of what Mr. Obama said to thousands of Germans during his Victory Column speech in Berlin last summer also was ahistorical. He began, “I know that I don’t look like the Americans who’ve previously spoken in this great city.” He apparently forgot that for the previous eight years, the official faces of American foreign policy in Germany had been Secretaries of State Colin L. Powell and Condoleezza Rice - both black.
In the same speech, Mr. Obama seemed to suggest the world had come to together to save Berlin during the airlift. In fact, it was almost an entirely American and British effort - written off by most observers as hopeless and joined only by a handful of Western allies when the improbable lift looked as if it might succeed.
In the recent Cairo speech, Mr. Obama’s historical allusions were even more suspect. Almost every one of his references was either misleading or incomplete. He suggested today’s Middle East tension was fed by the legacy of European colonialism and the Cold War, which had reduced nations to proxies.
However, the great colonizers of the Middle East were the Ottoman Muslims, who for centuries ruled with an iron fist. The 20th-century movements of Ba’athism, Pan-Arabism and Nasserism - largely homegrown totalitarian ideologies - did far more damage to the Middle East over the past half-century than the legacy of European colonialism.
Mr. Obama also claimed that “Islam… carried the light of learning through so many centuries, paving the way for Europe’s Renaissance and Enlightenment.” While medieval Islamic culture was impressive and ensured the survival of a few classical texts - often through the agency of Arabic-speaking Christians - it had little to do with the European rediscovery of classical Greek and Latin values. Europeans, Chinese and Hindus, not Muslims, invented most of the breakthroughs Mr. Obama credited to Islamic innovation.
Much of the Renaissance, in fact, was more predicated on the centuries-long flight of Greek-speaking Byzantine scholars from Constantinople to Western Europe to escape the aggression of Islamic Turks. Many romantic thinkers of the Enlightenment sought to extend freedom to oppressed subjects of Muslim fundamentalist rule in Eastern and Southern Europe
Mr. Obama also insisted that “Islam has a proud tradition of tolerance. We see it in the history of Andalusia and Cordoba during the Inquisition.” Yet the Spanish Inquisition began in 1478; by then, Cordoba had long been reconquered by Spanish Christians and was governed as a staunchly Christian city.
In reference to Iraq, Mr. Obama promised that “no system of government can or should be imposed upon one nation by any other.” Is he unaware of how the United States imposed democracies after World War II?
After the defeat of German Nazism, Italian fascism and Japanese militarism, Americans - by force - insisted that those nations adopt democratic governments, for their own sakes and the world’s. Indeed, it is hard to think of too many democratic governments that did not emerge from violence - including our own.
Mr. Obama also stated: “For centuries, black people in America suffered the lash of the whip as slaves and the humiliation of segregation. But it was not violence that won full and equal rights.”
With all due respect to our president, that assertion also is not fully accurate. The only thing that ended slavery in the United States was the Civil War, which saw about 600,000 Americans - the vast majority of them white - lost in a violent struggle to ensure that nearly half the country would not remain a slave-owning society. Also, the massive urban riots of the 1960s and 1970s were certainly violent.