Using phony documents and the identities of a dead man and a 5-year-old boy, a government investigator obtained U.S. passports in a test of post-Sept. 11 security.
Despite efforts to boost passport security since the 2001 terrorist attacks, the investigator fooled passport and postal service employees four out of four times, according to a new report made public Friday.
The report by the Government Accountability Office, Congress’ investigative arm, details the ruses:
• One investigator used the Social Security number of a man who died in 1965, a fake New York birth certificate and a fake Florida driver’s license. He received a passport four days later.
• A second attempt had the investigator using a 5-year-old boy’s information but identifying himself as 53 years old on the passport application. He received that passport seven days later.
• In another test, the investigator used fake documents to get a genuine Washington identification card, which he then used to apply for a passport. He received it the same day.
• In yet another investigation, he used a fake New York birth certificate and a fake West Virginia driver’s license and got the passport eight days later.
Criminals and terrorists place a high value on illegally obtained travel documents, U.S. intelligence officials have said. Currently, poorly faked passports are sold on the black market for $300, while top-notch fakes go for about $5,000, according to Immigration and Customs Enforcement investigations.
The State Department has known about this vulnerability for years. On Feb. 26, the State Department’s deputy assistant secretary of passport services issued a memo to Passport Services directors across the country stating that the agency is reviewing its processes for issuing passports because of “recent events regarding several passport applications that were approved and issued in error.”
In the memo, obtained by the Associated Press, Brenda Sprague said that in 2009 Passport Services would focus on the quality, not the quantity, of its passport issuance decisions.
Typically, Passport Services officials are evaluated on how many passports they issue. Instead, Ms. Sprague said, the specialists should focus all their efforts on improving the integrity of the process, including “a renewed emphasis for Passport Specialists on recognizing authentic documents and fraud indicators on applications.”
Over the past seven years, U.S. officials have tried to increase passport security and make it more difficult to apply with fake documents.
But these tests show the State Department - which processes applications and issues passports - does not have the ability to ensure that supporting documents are legitimate, said Janice Kephart, travel-document security analyst who worked on the 9/11 Commission report.
“We have to address the … document issue in a very big way, and we have yet to do that across the board,” she said.
State Department spokesman Richard Aker said the agency regrets that it issued these four passports.
“The truth is that this was human error,” Mr. Aker said.
He said the State Department plans to have facial-recognition screening for all applicants in six months. The agency is also talking to states to see whether passport officials can check states’ electronic databases to verify licenses and identification cards.
Two members of the Senate Judiciary Committee’s terrorism, technology and homeland security subcommittee requested the investigation.
“It’s very troubling that in the years since the September 11 attacks, someone could use fraudulent documents to obtain a U.S. passport,” Sen. Jon Kyl, Arizona Republican, said.
Sen. Dianne Feinstein, California Democrat, said the report confirmed her fears that U.S. passports aren’t secure.